many of the Crusaders departed for home. These depictions have had a profound influence on contemporary Western opinion, as well as on Muslim attitudes toward their past and present. Then came the Spanish crusades against the Muslims and Jews because of the Reconquista. Between 1095, when the First Crusade was launched, and 1291, when the Latin Christians were finally expelled from their kingdom.
Spain, and even to cruclible Essay the, baltic ; the Crusades continued for several centuries after 1291. Mediterranean, to conquer pagan areas, and to recapture formerly Christian territories; they were seen by many of their participants as a means of redemption and expiation for sins. The Crusades also played an integral role in the expansion of medieval Europe. By that time crusades were common and most were unsuccessful. The second reason was because positions in the church were sold by bishops. Approximately two-thirds of the ancient Christian world had been conquered by Muslims by the end of the 11th century, including the important regions. That was the time when a spiritual revival spread across Europe. Ottoman Turks had established themselves in the, balkans and would penetrate deeper into Europe despite repeated efforts to repulse them. The first and second crusades were to fight against the "holy war".