broad European public for the first time participated politically, economically and culturally directly in the process of that expansion. Willard Sunderland, "An Empire of Peasants. James Anthony Froude (18181894) warned that whoever overemphasized the value of India and the African colonies also underestimated that of the "white settlements". Visions of Empire: How Five Imperial Regimes Shaped the World.
New histories for the Empire (1998 174198. Japan's late industrialization example became a leading case for underdeveloped countries that suffered from European rule. James, Paul ; Nairn, Tom (2006). Individual colonies might serve an economic purpose; collectively no empire had any definable function, economic or otherwise. This idealisation of maritime rule was reflected in Alfred Mahan's (18401914) classic The Influence of Sea Power upon History (1890 a manifesto of the triumphal "anglobalisation that is the earth-girding and people-uniting expansion of the Occident. Elect Theodore Roosevelt President and increase newspaper readership. Hobson theorized that state intervention through taxation could boost broader consumption, create wealth, and encourage a peaceful, tolerant, multipolar world order.
Thus, most will eventually establish a separate nationality or remain under complete control of their mother colony. European empires in Asia and Africa "have come to be seen as the classic forms of imperialism: and indeed most books on the subject confine themselves to the European seaborne empires". "Patterns of British Overseas Investment in Land". 35 Age of Imperialism edit Main articles: International relations, and International relations of the Great Powers (18141919) The Age of Imperialism, a time period beginning around 1760, saw European industrializing nations, engaging in the process of colonizing, influencing, and annexing other parts of the world.