commonly referred to as "Northern Buddhism. Countries such as Burma and Laos have a pro-Buddhist bias in their legal systems, leading to prejudice, social intolerance and inequality. 387 with footnote. In Nichiren Buddhism, devotion to the Lotus Sutra is the main practice. 484 485 Modern influences increasingly lead to new forms of Buddhism that are diverse and that significantly depart from traditional beliefs and practices.
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The First Cause Dilemma: A Fundamental Contradiction Ultimate transcendental reality is nirvana, and a prerequisite of achieving it is the complete abolition of the self. a b c Gethin: "The word satya (Pali sacca) can certainly mean truth, but it might equally be rendered as 'real' or 'actual thing'. Official numbers from the Chinese government are lower, while other surveys are higher. A Companion to Buddhist Philosophy. 132 Another variant, which may be condensed to the eightfold or tenfold path, starts with a Tathagatha entering this world. "Lineages of teachers, which are often reputed to be unbroken right back to the Buddha, pass instructions on practices to their students" 31 but the result was hugely divergent teachings in different areas. 11 Tantric Buddhism is largely concerned with ritual and meditative practices. 6-7) writes: "As a matter of fact Buddhism in mainland India itself had all but ceased to exist by the thirteenth century CE, although by that time it had spread to Tibet, China, Japan, and Southeast Asia." (Originally 1958 "Chronology. 308 309 Buddhism applies the dependent arising theory to explain origination of endless cycles of dukkha and rebirth, through its Twelve Nidnas or "twelve links" doctrine.