authentic version of whatever document you are seeking can in many cases be vitally important. 44 Pre-release piracy,.e., willful infringement "by the distribution of a work being prepared for commercial gilgamesh tells the story of Noahs Flood distribution, by making it available on a computer network accessible to members of the public, if such person knew or should have known that the work was intended for. Paramount Pictures, Inc., 334.S. We can continue to write copyright laws that only copyright lawyers can decipher, and accept that only commercial and institutional actors will have good reason to comply with them, or we can contrive a legal structure that ordinary individuals can learn, understand and even regard. White paper, supra note 4, at 230-34 (recommending prohibition of devices and services that defeat copy protection). Is surgery that radical necessary? 94 They typically fail to mention that unlike the vast majority of copyright users, and unlike new start-up copyright-affected businesses, they were able to negotiate the enactment of detailed copyright privileges.
465, 469-72 (1995 Pamela Samuelson, Legally Speaking: Software Compatibility and the Law, 38 communications OF THE ACM, August 1995, at 15,. The proponents of this view argue that at the completion of the activity, only one copy would exist between the original owner who transmitted the copy and the person who received it - the same number of copies at the beginning. Still others may aim only to generate a modestly valuable asset that will inspire some bigger fish out there to eat them. See,.g.,., at 59-61 (testimony of Robert Oakley, American Association of Law Libraries Sept 14, 1994 iitf Hearing, supra note, at 5-9 (testimony of Edward Valauskas, American Library Association).
58 Broadcasters received exemptions permitting them to make "ephemeral recordings" of material to facilitate its broadcast; 59 manufacturers of useful articles embodying copyrighted works received a flat exemption from the reproduction and distribution rights to permit them to advertise their wares. Under Voss revised Article 13, websites and apps that allow users to upload content must acquire copyright licenses for everything, something that is in practice impossible. 8 white paper, supra note 4, at 64-66. They end up exploring different ways of charging for value. Printing presses used to be expensive; the photocopy machine was invented during the baby boom. 84 The second alternative is more difficult. Unauthorized reproduction was illegal, said the rules, unless you were a "library or archives 77 a "transmitting organization entitled to transmit to the public a performance or display of a work 78 a "government body or other nonprofit organization 79 or a "public broadcasting entity. The reasons that copyright owners and the iitf Working Group might have for wanting to treat reproduction as a fundamental copyright right are obvious. 11 The statute was substantially revised in 1831 12 to add copyright coverage to musical compositions and to extend the term and scope of copyright.
The first task, then, in revising copyright law for the new era requires a very basic choice about the sort of law we want. We can continue to write copyright laws that 88See,.g., Intellectual Property Rights in an Age of Electronics and Information, supra note, at 121-22, 209; see generally THE. The right to copy, under copyright laws, is often applied in terms of the right to control the copying of copyrighted works, which means it prevents others from copying the work without permission.