After watching your coworker get chewed out by your boss for coming in late, you start leaving home 10 minutes earlier so that you wont be late. The same could be said about other animals. The parents are not teaching these behaviors directly.
While it can take place at any point in life, it tends to be the most common during childhood as children learn from the authority figures and peers in their lives.
Observational learning, method of learning that consists of observing and modeling another individuals behavior, attitudes, or emotional expressions.
Although it is commonly believed that the observer will copy the model, American psychologist Albert Bandura stressed that individuals may simply learn from the behavior rather than imitate.
Observational learning differs from imitative learning in that it does not require a duplication of the behavior exhibited by the model.
You cannot open a book without learning something
Learning By Doing
It is an important part of socialization, and can take place at any point in life. (credit: woodleywonderworks/Flickr) Link to Learning View this video to hear Brad Bushman, a psychologist who has published extensively on human aggression and violence, discuss his research. Claire was horrified, realizing that Anna was imitating her mother. Through modeling, Bandura has shown that children learn many things both good and bad simply by watching their parents, siblings, and others. When learning to surf, Julian might watch how his father pops up successfully on his surfboard and then attempt to do the same thing. Note that depending on the number of suggestions we receive, this can take anywhere from a few hours to a few days. If the behavior is rewarded. A live model demonstrates a behavior in person, as when Ben stood up on his surfboard so that Julian could see how he did. Parents in particular should take note of this finding. Bandura and other researchers proposed a brand of behaviorism called social learning theory, which took cognitive processes into account.